Dr. Marwan Alsafadi, explains the most important acute diseases that may affect you from common viral diseases such as influenza, colds, chest flu, sore throat, sinusitis, otitis and urinary tract infections and prevention methods Of which.
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Dr. Marwan Alsafadi
influenzaSeasonal viral disease in winter, transmitted through the respiratory system, and the virus has the ability to change, so it can affect a person more than once.
Symptom: fever, chills and sweating, headache, joint pain, cough with sputum, general weakness, stuffy nose, loss of appetite, can last 1-7 days.
Complications: bronchitis, inflammation of the ears, sinusitis, meningitis, complete rest is recommended, and excessive fluid intake with some medications prescribed by the doctor.
Flu vaccine recomended annually
Bronchitis and PneumoniaAcute inflammation of the lungs due to inflammation of the lower respiratory tract: inflammation of the lung tissue, bronchi, and alveoli,
Causes of Pharyngitis?
Pharyngitis mostly caused by viral infection . So most of the cases need only symptomatic treatment like analgesic and antipyrtic .
Acute sinusitis occurs after a sore throat, ear infection ,common cold, flu, or dental inflammation, and affects the mucous membrane lining it. If treatment is neglected, or if the treatment is incomplete, it will turn into chronic inflammation.
Chronic sinusitis complications: local complications, complications in the eye, complications in the brain, which requires hospitalization for long treatment.
It affects the mucous lining that covers the middle ear cavity after infection with sinus or throat and tonsillitis, and leads to the accumulation of inflammatory secretions in the middle ear, causing severe pain, fever, nausea, and also diarrhea and vomiting in children
Urinary Tract Infection
The lower urinary tract (urethra and bladder) are more susceptible to be infected than the upper (kidneys and urinary tubes), and women especially after menopause are more susceptible to infection than men, and inflammation can extend to the kidneys, when the condition is serious.
Causes of urinary tract infection:
The transmission of inflammatory bacteria
Delayed disposal of urine
Symptoms of urinary tract infection:
Feeling of frequent urination
burning sensation when urinating
Blood in the urine
Pain in the lower abdomen, and in the back if the kidneys are affected
Chills fever and nausea
It is recommended to drink more water
Expedite to urinate when needed and not to delay
Prevention of constipation
Consider personal hygiene